Hab 2:12 “Woe to him who builds a town with blood and founds a city on iniquity!
This dire warning is general and universal, although in this case it was directed toward Babylon. Nebuchadnezzar used slave labor for great construction projects and in the process of building many slaves lost their lives in their toil. The first wave of exiles were taken by Nebuchadnezzar from the Judean territory in 609 BC. Seventy years later, precisely as predicted by Daniel and Jeremiah, Babylon fell to Persia (539 BC) and shortly thereafter the first wave of exiles returned to Jerusalem. Woe was certainly doled out to Babylon for its iniquity against God’s people. Throughout history we read of violent kings and kingdoms that were eventually consumed by their own self-destructive behavior or by an even more violent adversary.