There are many connections between David and Jesus. A question that came up in discussing one of the recent posts in the Jesus=God? series had to do with the prophetic nature of David as an Old Testament representative of Christ. The original question came up as a result of my interpretation of Ez 37:24. I saw that passage as a prophecy of Christ and was asked to explain how that was possible. I understand that elsewhere in Jeremiah and Ezekiel there are references to the “seat of David” being occupied by later human kings, however there are specific prophecies about a coming king that only make sense if that king is the Christ. Here’s a few supporting passages that come to mind…
Jer 33:15 In those days and at that time I will cause a righteous Branch to spring up for David, and he shall execute justice and righteousness in the land.
Jer 23:5 Behold, the days are coming, declares the LORD, when I will raise up for David a righteous Branch, and he shall reign as king and deal wisely, and shall execute justice and righteousness in the land.
Jer 30:9 But they shall serve the LORD their God and David their king, whom I will raise up for them.
Is 22:22 And I will place on his shoulder the key of the house of David. He shall open, and none shall shut; and he shall shut, and none shall open.
Ez 34:23-24 And I will set up over them one shepherd, my servant David, and he shall feed them: he shall feed them and be their shepherd. And I, the LORD, will be their God, and my servant David shall be prince among them. I am the LORD; I have spoken.
Ez 37:24-27 My servant David shall be king over them, and they shall all have one shepherd. They shall walk in my rules and be careful to obey my statutes.25 They shall dwell in the land that I gave to my servant Jacob, where your fathers lived. They and their children and their children’s children shall dwell there forever, and David my servant shall be their prince forever.26 I will make a covenant of peace with them. It shall be an everlasting covenant with them. And I will set them in their land and multiply them, and will set my sanctuary in their midst forevermore.27 My dwelling place shall be with them, and I will be their God, and they shall be my people.
Read Hosea 3. Its a short chapter. It tells of a time when Israel will be restored and David will (future tense) be king in the latter days. If you’re not familiar with Hosea, read the first three chapters for context. Hosea’s wife represents fallen Israel specifically and fallen (unfaithful) humanity generally who will be restored.
Zech 12 speaks at some length of a coming house of David. Zech speaks very prophetically of Jesus.
David is specifically mentioned in both genealogies of Jesus in the NT, though they differ in routes from David to Jesus.
Jesus is identified as “son of David.” Mt 9:27, 12:23, 15:22, 20:30, 21:9, Mk 10:47, Lk 18:38, Jn 7:42
Jesus associated with coming kingdom of David. Mk 11:10
Jesus identified by David as Lord. Mt 22:42-45, Lk 20:41-44, Acts 2:34
Paul preaches of Jesus fulfilling Davidic prophecy in Acts 13.
John speaks of Jesus’ relationship with David: Rev 3:7, 5:5, 22:16.