Lev 23:4-5 “These are the appointed feasts of the Lord, the holy convocations, which you shall proclaim at the time appointed for them. In the first month, on the fourteenth day of the month at twilight [note: literally between the two evenings], is the Lord’s Passover.
Passover, also called Preparation Day in the New Testament or Pesach in Hebrew, is probably the most well known of the annual Jewish feasts among modern gentile Christians. As with each of the feasts, there is both historical and prophetic relevance. Passover is sometimes considered part of the Feast of Unleavened bread, but biblically speaking it is its own feast. It lasts through 14 Nisan from dusk to dusk.
Ex 1:22 Then Pharaoh commanded all his people, “Every son that is born to the Hebrews you shall cast into the Nile, but you shall let every daughter live.” First, Pharaoh killed the Jewish children. Moses survives (Ex 2). At age 40 Moses leaves Egypt. At about 80 Moses returns to Egypt at God’s request and argues with Pharaoh to let the Hebrews go. Pharaoh doesn’t go along with the idea in spite of a series of plagues (Ex 3-10), but the 10th and final plague is the death of the first born Egyptian male (Ex 11) inflicted by God on every house that doesn’t have a mark on its doorpost (Ex 12).
God gives a complete procedure for the Jews to follow so that the death plague passes over them. God also commands certain of the procedures be followed every year thereafter as a reminder. On the 14th the unblemished Passover lamb is slain. There may be no broken bones, the blood is spilt and wiped on the doorposts to mark the home. Only those circumcised may take part in this Passover. The meat is to be consumed late on the 14th (afternoon) and in any event well before midnight (15th).
Jesus and Passover
Jn 1:29 The next day he saw Jesus coming toward him, and said, “Behold, the Lamb of God, who takes away the sin of the world! The Passover lamb is a wonderful depiction of Christ going to the cross. Jesus (more accurately rendered as Yeshua) was crucified on this day. Jesus is depicted prophetically in numerous scriptures and historically throughout the New Testament as the lamb of God slain for our sin. His blood covers our sin (Rev 1:5) so that death (ie the Second Death (Rev 20:6)) does not hurt us.
Participation – The Good News of Passover
Ex 12:48-49 If a stranger shall sojourn with you and would keep the Passover to the Lord, let all his males be circumcised. Then he may come near and keep it; he shall be as a native of the land. But no uncircumcised person shall eat of it. There shall be one law for the native and for the stranger who sojourns among you.” Physical circumcision meant one was allowed to take part in the annual Passover feast, even if you were not Jewish yet became circumcised.
Ro 8:13-16 For if you live according to the flesh you will die, but if by the Spirit you put to death the deeds of the body, you will live. For all who are led by the Spirit of God are sons of God. For you did not receive the spirit of slavery to fall back into fear, but you have received the Spirit of adoption as sons, by whom we cry, “Abba! Father!” The Spirit himself bears witness with our spirit that we are children of God Circumcision is of the flesh and only an outward sign of membership in the family of Abraham, which is to say the people chosen by God to receive the promises of the Passover. When we become born again and receive the gift of the Holy Spirit we are adopted as sons into the true family of God, as true sons of Abraham. We receive a spiritual circumcision infinitely greater in value than physical circumcision. We are therefore not of Abraham’s flesh, but of his spirit as a man who loved God, obeyed Him, and was reckoned righteous for his faith (Jas 2:23). Through the process of being born again we are regenerated and spiritually circumcised. This means we can partake in the spiritual Passover feast. Christ died for us all. He bids us come and dine (Rev 3:20).
If you don’t know who Jesus is and you aren’t sure where you’re going to spend eternity, you can come to the lamb, accept Him, turn to Him and love him, do as he asks in abiding faith, and he will be faithful to cover your sins with his blood. He shed his blood for all, and those who will come into the house and become a member of his family will experience eternal life. It starts with a step and must continue with a walk. If you don’t understand and you want to find out more, ask me or even email me and I’ll be more than happy to explain.