Hos 2:14-15 “Therefore, behold, I will allure her, and bring her into the wilderness, and speak tenderly to her. And there I will give her her vineyards and make the Valley of Achor [trouble] a door of hope. And there she shall answer as in the days of her youth, as at the time when she came out of the land of Egypt.
When the people went into exile, robbed of their worldly wealth, they would find themselves at God’s mercy. Hope would come back to their hearts as the Lord chastened them. Certainly a remnant survived exile to return after Assyria was destroyed in 612 BC. For Christians who fall into sin, there remains hope. God chastens those whom He loves. He corrects and is faithful to forgive us when we repent and return to Him. Even in Hosea’s time those who believed in YHWH understood the relationship between human repentance and divine mercy.